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全球外交在西奥多罗斯福的手中,但是他的女儿

2019-05-11 20:05:29 历史文物197℃

  全球外交在西奥多罗斯福的手中,但是他的女儿偷走了这个节目

  爱丽丝罗斯福包装了三个大箱子,两个同样大的帽子箱,一个轮船箱,一个特殊的箱子,以及更多的袋子和箱子,以便她在1905年前往东亚的大型亲善游船。她的必需品中有几个伴娘她那个春天穿的衣服,还有带花边和刺绣荷叶边的衬裙,里面有自己的小火车。

    

      

      

        

          

            

              

                

              

              

                

                  从这个故事

                

                

                  

      

          

      

      

          拥挤的时间

      

      购买

      

                

              

              

            

          

        

      

    

    毕竟,她是总统的女儿,这使她成为除了头衔之外的所有公主,并且她自己也做了自己的事。在她21岁的所有地方,无论她出现在哪里,她都成为了关注的焦点。此外,这次航行的时间安排确定,在一个由83名成员组成的外交代表团中,包括七名参议员和23名国会议员,由战争部长,未来的总统兼首席大法官威廉·霍华德·塔夫脱领导,爱丽丝将成为比以往更明亮的明星。

    

    7月8日,当他们从旧金山乘坐S.S.满洲里航行时,她的父亲西奥多正试图将俄罗斯和日本的外交官聚集在一起谈判结束代价高昂的战争。几个星期前,日本海军在对马战役中几乎拆除了俄罗斯舰队。从这种力量的立场来看,日本政府暗中要求罗斯福说服俄罗斯人谈和平。

    

    虽然所有这一切都在继续,但无法抑制的爱丽丝在越过太平洋时抬起了她的老船友的眉毛。她后来写道,她认为这是“让她不时激动起来的愉快的责任。”所以当很少女士做的时候,她吸了一口气,在夏威夷学习了呼啦圈,用口袋左轮手枪掠过目标并拍了一些啪啪啪啪的全穿在船上游泳池。

      

    

    

      爱丽丝罗斯福乘坐SS Manchuria。

  

      

        (爱丽丝罗斯福朗沃思1905年塔夫脱使团到亚洲,弗里尔和萨克勒档案馆的照片集)

    

    当他们到达横滨时,俄罗斯人和日本人已同意谈话,任何一个名叫罗斯福的人都自动成为日本的流行英雄。城市欢迎他们,旗帜飘扬,烟花爆竹。在短暂的东京之旅中,赛道边的人群高呼着问候。

    

    在首都的四天里,美国人比通常对待皇室更受欢迎。有无数的弓箭和curtseys,他们被呈现给皇帝和他的家人,并且在爱丽丝的喜悦中,她在每一个转折点都装满了礼物(“我是一只坦白无耻的猪,”她写道。)。但她并没有对相扑摔跤的展览印象深刻(“巨大的,肥胖的,像塔夫脱部长一样大的人”)。

    

    据推测,她并不知道,虽然大部分党都受到了欢迎,但塔夫脱本人正在与首相桂首进行未经宣布的对话。这导致了一份谅解备忘录,这份谅解备忘录将保密20年。其中,两国将承认彼此在东亚的战略利益,美国承认日本对韩国的统治,而日本则否认对新获得的美国对菲律宾群岛主权的任何侵略性设计。巩固菲律宾的联系是塔夫脱(和罗斯福)前往东亚的下一个目的。数以千计的纸灯笼点燃了东京的车站,因为更多的支持让代表团前往古老的日本首都京都,为他们举办了樱花节,尽管春天的花朵早已消失。然后,在更多的烟火之后从神户出发,他们在长崎短暂停留后对日本暂时告别,这个城市将在8月40日后成为世界头条新闻。

      

    

    

      在东京,Sumo Yokozuna Hitachiyama的表现

      

        (爱丽丝罗斯福朗沃思1905年塔夫脱使团到亚洲,弗里尔和萨克勒档案馆的照片集)

    

    虽然塔夫脱将成为美国的总统和后来的首席大法官,但他早先担任菲律宾总督的服务可能是他整个职业生涯中最重要的工作。美国在西班牙 - 美国战争中夺取了这些岛屿之后,菲律宾本土军队继续争取独立,直到遭到美国军队的血腥镇压。塔夫脱领导委员会成立了一个半独立政府,并在1904年离开时获得了一个仁慈的形象。

    

    现在,一年后回到马尼拉,他被爱丽丝称之为“非凡的热情和感情”。当然,她也是如此。

    

    美国国旗,士兵,水手和游行乐队似乎无处不在,尽管天气炎热,欢迎和庆祝活动日夜都在进行。爱丽丝认为Taft在一种称为rigadon的传统舞蹈中轻盈地轻盈。 (她称之为“一种枪手或四轮车”,但是在2008年菲律宾独立日由菲律宾 - 美国大伯明翰协会的成员演出,它看起来更像是一个老式的弗吉尼亚卷轴。)

    

    

      

          

    

    

      

      

      

    

    

      爱丽丝罗斯福(左二)侧面是代表团的妻子。

      

        (爱丽丝罗斯福朗沃思1905年塔夫脱使团到亚洲,弗里尔和萨克勒档案馆的照片集)

    

    从马尼拉出发,他们从一个岛屿到另一个岛屿航行,并且爱丽丝每次都有机会与来自俄亥俄州的潇洒,大胡子的国会议员尼古拉斯·朗沃思三世(Nicholas Longworth III)争吵,后者将很快成为她的丈夫。尼克在Jolo岛上一路激烈竞争,在爱丽丝所说的喜欢“喜剧歌剧”的娱乐活动中,苏禄苏丹向她赠送了一枚华丽的珍珠戒指,回到家里的报纸说他提出结婚。

    

    但是当她们回到马尼拉并在前往北京(现在的北京)途中到香港的下一站时,她设法保持单身。她访问中国首都的高峰期是慈禧女皇接待,她是“历史上伟大的女性统治者之一”,她从人类的三分之一的座位上俯视下来。

    

    乘坐战舰和前往韩国的首尔到达韩国,这对于爱丽丝来说是一个悲伤的景象。她立即​​感到“韩国,不情愿和无助,正在陷入日本的掌控之中。

  ”到那时,她正在变得厌倦了所有的壮丽:在皇帝收到它们的“不值得,小的”环境之后,她想通过骑马来分散注意力在山上,她发现韩国的马往往会咬外国人。一,她回忆起“似乎对我有一种特别的厌恶”,所以她站在那里,面对着它,它放下耳朵,露出黄色的牙齿,“努力摆脱新郎的努力,对我。”

      

          

      

          

    

    

              

              

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

              

              

              

                  

                       

                  

                  

                       

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  

                                                  

                                                      (爱丽丝罗斯福朗沃思1905年塔夫脱使团到亚洲,弗里尔和萨克勒档案馆的照片集)

                                                  

                                                  

                                              

                                          

                                      

                                  

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  

                                                  

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    10月初,她渴望在回家的路上回到日本,但当他们到达那里时,她对她发现的东西感到惊讶。

    

    在他们缺席的情况下,日本和俄罗斯通过签署“朴茨茅斯条约”正式确定了和平条件。为了监督它,西奥多·罗斯福将获得第一个颁发给美国人的诺贝尔和平奖。

    

    但正因为如此,爱丽丝写道:“美国人和以前一样受欢迎的人一样不受欢迎。我从未见过更彻底的变化。“作为战争中的胜利者,日本人认为他们被条约所贬低了。虽然官员仍然很有礼貌,但公开的反美示威活动爆发了,有些是如此暴力,以至于建议美国公民将自己称为英国人。将美国代表团送回太平洋的最后仪式与几个月前与他们打招呼的情况完全不同。

    

    然而,有一个最后的快乐记录:爱丽丝再次惊讶地收到数十张精美的手绘明信片,寄给她的父亲并庆祝日美友谊。许多人显然是在条约完成之前创建的,在Taft,Roosevelt和公司巡回东方的几周里。今天,这些卡片,以及爱丽丝带回家的帝国肖像画和一些其他奢华礼物,以及数百张航行照片,都是史密森学会弗里尔艺术馆和Arthur M. Sackler的爱丽丝罗斯福档案馆的一个亮点。画廊在华盛顿特区

    

    “亚洲爱丽丝:1905年塔夫脱亚洲使命”是一个新的在线展览,展示了大部分罗斯福材料,由档案保管员大卫·霍格创作。

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